According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), More than 30 million people in the U.S. have diabetes, and 25 percent don’t even know they have it. But it gets worse: 84 million more Americans have pre-diabetes (a.k.a., almost diabetes, when your blood sugar is high, but not high enough for complete diabetes) – and 90 percent of those people don’t know they have it, too, per CDC.
What is Diabetes
Diabetes isn’t just any disease. Three types of diabetes exist: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Most people with diabetes have type 2-it happens when your body does not use insulin properly and is not able to keep your blood sugar stable, per CDC.
Type 1 diabetes is much less common for about 5 percent of people with type 1 diabetes and it’s essentially an autoimmune disease where your body stops making insulin at all (and as such, can’t regulate blood sugar levels).
And gestational diabetes affects pregnant women-it usually goes away after you give birth, but it can increase your chances of developing type 2 diabetes later, according to the National Institution of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).
All three types of diabetes can be easily detected by a blood test. The test mainly checks if your blood sugar level (also called blood sugar level) is too high. But be warned: You cannot make a diagnosis yourself – not even with an OTC blood glucose meter, per NIDDK.
Our body can tell us when something is wrong and knowing what to look out for can help us catch diabetes at an early stage, making it easier to control.
Here are some signs of high blood sugar levels that we should be aware of.
Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetes
12. Pee all the time.
When excess sugar flows through your bloodstream, your body instinctively tries to get rid of it. Water follows the sugar, so you end up losing a lot of urine. If you suddenly notice that you urinate a lot, and more often, for no real reason – especially if you wake up a few times at night to talk to your doctor – it’s time to start urinating.
11. Feeling thirsty Very often
Excessive thirst, or polydipsia, is a non-specific sign in many medical conditions but is characteristic of people with high blood sugar levels. Thirst can often result from a change in the body’s ability to transfer the necessary fluids between the cells and blood, a decrease in the body’s potassium reserves, a decrease in blood volume, and other conditions that cause a shortage of water in the tissues and cells.