Prostate cancer is cancer that exists in the prostate – a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the rudimentary fluid that feeds and transports the sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most frequent cancers in men. Usually, prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it cannot cause severe damage. However, some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may require minimal or even no treatment, while others are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Prostate cancer is a silent disease. People seldom realize that they suffer from it until it is too late. Sometimes the symptoms are so subtle and intimate that men tend to brush them off or not discuss them, even with loved ones. However, it is important to know them to protect yourself.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
1. Blood in the urine
This is a warning sign. If there is a cancerous lump in the gland, it can damage the blood vessels and cause bleeding.
2. Lower back pain
Lower back pain is an easy prostate cancer symptom to miss. Studies have found lower back pain is linked to metastatic prostate cancer, meaning it has spread to the bones in the back.
In a2013 study, men who reported back pain had a five times greater incidence of prostate cancer versus the men who did not experience lower back pain.
On its own, back pain isn’t something to be overly concerned about. But if you have lower back pain combined with any of the other symptoms on this list, schedule a visit with your doctor.
3. Unable to urinate
A tumor in the gland down there is most likely to interfere with the usual functioning, interrupting urination by pressing on the urethra.
4. Delayed urination
A slow start or the application of extra force during urination is called hesitation when the tumor begins to grow. The bigger the tumor gets, the more effort you have to make to relieve yourself.
5. Leakage of urine
If the tumor grows aggressively, it will begin to block the smooth passage of urine by pressing on the urethra. This can lead to leakage or dribbling of the remaining urine, which can be embarrassing.
6. Frequent urination
Since some urine would remain in the bladder, you may have to urinate frequently, which means you will have to go to the toilet several times without being satisfied. This happens more during the night and also disturbs sleep.
7. Burning sensation
Even with all your efforts, if you can urinate, there is a good chance that you will feel a burning sensation or pain.
8. Erectile dysfunction
The chances are that the growth of cancer gets in your relationship life, leading to erectile dysfunction, pain.
It’s not clear what causes prostate cancer.
According to Mayoclinic, doctors know that prostate cancer begins when some cells in your prostate become abnormal. Because of mutations in the DNA of the abnormal cells, the cells grow and divide faster than healthy cells. The abnormal cells stay alive when other cells die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can grow to invade nearby tissue. Some abnormal cells can also break down and spread (spread) to other parts of the body.
Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:
Age: Your risk of prostate cancer increases with age.
Family history: If men in your family have had prostate cancer, your risk of developing prostate cancer may increase. If you have a family history of genes that increase the risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or a solid family history of breast cancer, your risk of prostate cancer may be higher.
Obesity: Obese men diagnosed with prostate cancer may be more likely to have advanced diseases that are more difficult to treat.
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