Kidney stones are hard collections of salt and minerals that often consist of calcium or uric acid. They form in the kidney and can move to other parts of the urinary tract.
There are different sizes of kidney stones. Some are very small, but others can be up to a few centimeters in size. There are kidney stones that can grow and even occupy the whole kidney.
A kidney stone occurs when too many of certain minerals in your body accumulate in your urine. If you are not adequately hydrated, your urine becomes more concentrated with higher levels of certain minerals. When the mineral content is higher, it is more likely that a kidney stone will form.
About 1 in 11 people in the United States gets a kidney stone. Stones are more common in men, overweight people, and people with diabetes.
Kidney stones are typically unbearable. Most stones pass by themselves without treatment. However, you may need a procedure to break or remove stones that don’t give.
Here are 8 warning signs and symptoms that you may have kidney stones:
1.Burns while urinating
If the stone has been able to reach the junction between the bladder and the ureter, you will start to feel pain. Dysuria is what your doctor can call such a situation. It is a burning or sharp pain.
Usually, patients confuse kidney stones with urinary tract infections. Sometimes you may have an infection along with the stone.
2.Pain in the back, abdomen, or side
Kidney stone pain – also known as renal colic – is one of the most severe pain imaginable. Some people who have experienced kidney stones compare the pain of giving birth or having a knife.
The pain is intense enough to account for more than 1 million visits to the emergency room every year.
Usually, the pain begins when a stone moves into the narrow ureter. This causes a blockage, which increases the pressure in the kidney.
The pressure activates the nerve fibers that send pain signals to the brain.
The pain in the kidney stone often starts suddenly. As the stone moves, the pain changes place and intensity.
The pain often comes and goes in waves, which worsens when the ureters contract when they try to push the stone out. Each current can last a few minutes, disappear, and then come back again.
You feel the pain along your side and back, under your ribs. It can radiate to your abdomen and groin area as the stone moves down your urinary tract.
Large stones can be more painful than small ones, but the severity of the pain is not necessarily related to the size of the stone. Even a small stone can be painful if it moves or causes a blockage.
3.Use the bathroom more than usual
Another symptom of kidney stones that most people are unaware of is that you need to go to the bathroom more often or with more urgency than usual. You may have to run to the bathroom or go all day and night.
The urgency of the urinary tract can also mimic a symptom of a urinary tract infection.
4.Cloudy or smelly urine
Healthy urine is clear and has no strong odor. Cloudy or smelly urine may be a sign of an infection in your kidneys or other parts of your urinary tract.
A study that was conducted found that about 8 percent of people with acute kidney stones had a urinary tract infection.
Clouding is a sign of pus in your urine or pyuria. The odor may come from the bacteria that cause urinary tract infections. When urine is more concentrated in an unusual way, it can also create an odor.
5.Blood in the urine
People suffering from kidney stones usually notice blood in their urine. Blood in the urine is a common symptom in people with urinary tract stones.
The blood can be red, brown, or pink. Blood cells can sometimes be too small to be visible with a microscope. However, your doctor may test for this symptom.
When kidney stones are large, they sometimes get stuck in a ureter. Such a blockage can slow down or stop the flow of urine.
If you have a blockage, you should only urinate a little each time you go. A jet of urine that completely stops is a medical emergency.
7.Vomiting and nausea are symptoms of kidney stones
People with kidney stones usually feel the urge to vomit.
These symptoms are caused by shared nerve connections between the kidneys and the GI tract. Stones in the kidneys can trigger the nerves in the GI tract, upsetting the stomach.
Nausea and vomiting can also be the way your body reacts to intense pain.
8.Fever and chills
Fever and chills are signs that you have kidney stones. This can be a severe complication for a kidney stone. It can also be a sign of other serious problems besides kidney stones. Medical help is urgently needed in case of fever with severe pains.
These are usually high fevers. In addition to the fever, feelings of heat can also occur.
Kidney stones are accumulations of minerals and salt in the kidney, and they usually travel to the other parts of a patient’s urinary tract. Symptoms may include nausea, smelly or cloudy urine, vomiting, difficulty urinating, and severe pain.
Treatment with sound waves may be needed to break them up or remove them. In severe cases, surgical procedures may be necessary. If you notice any of the above symptoms, contact your doctor immediately for emergency treatment.
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